What are mental processes? Or more generally, what is the (conscious and unconscious) mind? I define it as perception, recognition, meaning, thought, emotion, arousal, the self, executive control, goals, attention, intention, language, learning and the rest of a person’s experience and capabilities.
The (conscious) mind encompasses the most salient and attended-to events which occur within one’s audio-visual field — including that which occurs within one’s body at its center. The contents of the mind = that of one’s “field of experience.”
The mind can be conscious or unconscious. Either way, its contents are the same. For example, when tying a pair of shoes one can be very conscious of this activity. Via attention, one can be keenly aware of each finger and its movement. Fingers can also be seen and felt in relation to the shoelace, other fingers, and the hand. Each movement can be attended to and experienced, moment by moment.
Or, this activity can be mostly unconscious. One can tie one’s shoes with little to no awareness of that same sensation and movement.
The mind’s contents can not only be listed, but weighted — in terms of their power and influence. For example, one might take a sip of coffee while reading a fascinating book. The perception of word sequences, and their meaning, would be the primary feature of the mind. The coffee — its smell, touch, and taste — a secondary feature. The desire for coffee might be a weak feature of the mind.
A person’s mind has many components, these encompass experience and action, can be unconscious or conscious, and can be listed and weighted.